Category Archives: blog

Lemmatizer for French language updated

I just updated the lemmatizer for French language. Many new options are available. The API can be tested here: https://rapidapi.com/okchakkotranslator/api/lemmatizer-for-french-language

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Reflections on grammatical typologies

It is useful to point out the differences that may exist between different grammatical typologies. The classical grammatical taxonomy is essentially aimed at teaching and comprehension. It therefore has a pedagogical purpose. On the other hand, the taxonomy that is … Continue reading

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Analyzing relative pronouns

What is the status of ‘relative pronouns’ of classical grammar within the present conceptual framework? Traditionally, a distinction is made between simple relative pronouns (qui, que, dont, où ; who, what, whose, where) and compound relative pronouns (à qui, pour … Continue reading

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Powering MT with two-sided grammar: the case of ‘près de’

‘près de’ (near) is considered to be a prepositive locution. From the viewpoint of two-sided grammar, it is (synthetically) a preposition, made up (analytically) of an adverb (‘près’) followed by the preposition ‘de’. In Corsican language, this is translated as … Continue reading

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Expanding on noun modulators

Let’s take a closer look at noun modulators, especially common noun modulators. We have seen that adjectives could be considered, in the present conceptual framework, as noun modulators. In this context, the question arises, are there other forms of noun … Continue reading

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Modulators: the case of adjectives

Using the notion of modulator again, we can now insert adjectives into this framework: in this context, they consist of noun modulators (mostly common nouns, but sometimes proper nouns as well). The adjective, as a noun modulator, is placed either … Continue reading

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New: Part-of-speech tagger for French language API

I have just published the POS-tagger for French language API, on RapidAPI. The use of the API is free for 1000 requests / month. No training necessary, it works immediately.

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Modulators of determinants

We have mentioned the special category of determinant modulators. It seems that this category is interesting and deserves to be explored further. A determinant modulator is placed before a determinant and changes its meaning. As we have already seen, from … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position again: the case of adverbs and modulators placed before a modulator

Let us try to delve more deeply into the case of adverbs. We shall continue now to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. The result is that adverbs are divided into several different categories. Now … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and modulators placed before a determinant

Let us try to delve more deeply into the case of adverbs, trying to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. The adverbs are divided into several different categories. Now let’s look at the adverbs that … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and verb modulators placed before the verb

Let us look again at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. We are now splitting the adverbs into several different categories. Now let’s look at the adverbs that … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and verb modulators

If we look again at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories, it follows that we need to split the adverbs into several different categories. To begin with, some … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and adjective modulators

If we look at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories, it follows that we need to split the adverbs into several different categories. To begin with, some adverbs … Continue reading

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Defining grammatical types

It seems that a reflection on the nature of grammatical type is necessary. The categories of common noun, qualifying adjective, verb, personal pronoun, etc. are well known. But what is a grammatical type? What is the criterion for distinguishing them? … Continue reading

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New considerations on priority language pairs for machine translation: thinking to Gallurese language

The question is whether to implement the Italian-Gallurese pair or the French-Gallurese pair. As already emphasized, the Italian-Gallurese pair is a priority. But since some excellent translators such as Deepl are able to translate Italian-French very correctly, it follows that … Continue reading

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7/7: seventh open test

Today we are conducting the seventh (and last) open test. The result is 1 – (2/154) = 98.70%. There are two errors: one semantic disambiguation error (‘Defense’ = Difesa) and one tense error (‘tombe’ = caschi, present instead of subjonctive). … Continue reading

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6/7: sixth open test

Today we are conducting the sixth open test. The result is 1 – (4/123) = 96.7%. There are three errors. The current, provisional average is: (98.61 + 93.75 + 93.93 + 95.34 + 99.42 + 96.74)/5 = 96.29%.

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5/7: fifth open test

Today we are conducting the fifth open test. The result is 1 – (1/175) = 99.42%. There is only one error (level of difficulty: medium) due to the incorrect translation of the proper name: ‘del Monte’. Otherwise, several sentences are … Continue reading

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4/7: fourth open test

Today we are conducting the fourth open test. The result is 1 – (8/172) = 95.34%. There is one error (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘escaladées’, ‘valaisan’). There are also some errors (level of difficulty: medium) … Continue reading

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3/7: third open test

Today we are conducting the third open test. The result is 1 – (8/132) = 93.93%. There are several errors (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘alunissage’, ‘plaqué”). There is also an error (level of difficulty: medium) … Continue reading

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2/7: Second open test

Today we are conducting the second open test. The result is 1 – (7/112) = 93.75%. There are several errors (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘même’, ‘raillerie’, ‘elocution’). There is also an error (level of difficulty: … Continue reading

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1/7: Evaluation of the translator’s current performance: start of a series of 7 open tests

We will evaluate the translator’s current performance, using a series of seven open tests. The aim is to translate the first 100 words of the article of the day from the wikipedia encyclopedia into French for seven consecutive days. Today, … Continue reading

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500 users for the Traduttore corsu application for Android

There are now 500 users for the Traduttore corsu application for Android. There are also 200 users for the Traduttore corsu for windows application.

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Palindroms in Corsican language

Here are a certain number of palindromes, in each of the main variants of the Corsican language: cismuntincu: apa (bee), ala (wing), anilina (aniline), elle (them), ebbe (did have), esegese (exegesis), issi (you hoist), inni (hymns), usu (usage) sartinesu: abba … Continue reading

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Further reflexions on the status of “I love you” in Corsican language

Let us briefly recall the problem: translating ‘I love you’ might sound trivial, but it’s not. In fact, ‘ti amu‘ is not the best translation. The best translation is ‘ti tengu caru‘ when addressed to a male person, or ‘ti … Continue reading

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Update to priority pairs for endangered languages

If we were to update the priorities for language pairs to be achieved, from the point of view of endangered languages, the result would be as follows: Corsican language: French to Corsican (already done) Sardinian Gallurese: Italian to Gallurese Sardinian … Continue reading

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The enigmatic grammatical status of “I love you” in Corsican language

Translating ‘I love you’ might sound trivial, but it’s not. In fact, ‘ti amu‘ is not the best translation. The best translation is ‘ti tengu caru‘ when addressed to a male person, or ‘ti tengu cara‘ when addressed to a … Continue reading

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The taxonomy optimization problem

Let us add further reflexions on the remaining 1% problem. As hinted at previously, the remaining 1% problem may only be solved by general AI (GAI). Let us sketch in a series of posts what features are required for general … Continue reading

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One hundred users for the Traduttore corsu app for Android

The Traduttore corsu application for Android has now more than a hundred users. Moving on…

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More on polymorphic disambiguation…

Let’s take another look at polymorphic disambiguation. We shall consider the French word sequence ‘nombre de’. The translation into Corsican (the same goes for English and other languages) cannot be identical, because ‘number of’ can be translated in two different … Continue reading

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