Author Archives: pilinu

Grammatical categories by position again: the case of adverbs and modulators placed before a modulator

Let us try to delve more deeply into the case of adverbs. We shall continue now to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. The result is that adverbs are divided into several different categories. Now … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and modulators placed before a determinant

Let us try to delve more deeply into the case of adverbs, trying to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. The adverbs are divided into several different categories. Now let’s look at the adverbs that … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and verb modulators placed before the verb

Let us look again at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories. We are now splitting the adverbs into several different categories. Now let’s look at the adverbs that … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and verb modulators

If we look again at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories, it follows that we need to split the adverbs into several different categories. To begin with, some … Continue reading

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Grammatical categories by position: the case of adverbs and adjective modulators

If we look at the case of adverbs and try to define them by their position in relation to other grammatical categories, it follows that we need to split the adverbs into several different categories. To begin with, some adverbs … Continue reading

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Defining grammatical types

It seems that a reflection on the nature of grammatical type is necessary. The categories of common noun, qualifying adjective, verb, personal pronoun, etc. are well known. But what is a grammatical type? What is the criterion for distinguishing them? … Continue reading

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New considerations on priority language pairs for machine translation: thinking to Gallurese language

The question is whether to implement the Italian-Gallurese pair or the French-Gallurese pair. As already emphasized, the Italian-Gallurese pair is a priority. But since some excellent translators such as Deepl are able to translate Italian-French very correctly, it follows that … Continue reading

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7/7: seventh open test

Today we are conducting the seventh (and last) open test. The result is 1 – (2/154) = 98.70%. There are two errors: one semantic disambiguation error (‘Defense’ = Difesa) and one tense error (‘tombe’ = caschi, present instead of subjonctive). … Continue reading

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6/7: sixth open test

Today we are conducting the sixth open test. The result is 1 – (4/123) = 96.7%. There are three errors. The current, provisional average is: (98.61 + 93.75 + 93.93 + 95.34 + 99.42 + 96.74)/5 = 96.29%.

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5/7: fifth open test

Today we are conducting the fifth open test. The result is 1 – (1/175) = 99.42%. There is only one error (level of difficulty: medium) due to the incorrect translation of the proper name: ‘del Monte’. Otherwise, several sentences are … Continue reading

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4/7: fourth open test

Today we are conducting the fourth open test. The result is 1 – (8/172) = 95.34%. There is one error (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘escaladées’, ‘valaisan’). There are also some errors (level of difficulty: medium) … Continue reading

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3/7: third open test

Today we are conducting the third open test. The result is 1 – (8/132) = 93.93%. There are several errors (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘alunissage’, ‘plaqué”). There is also an error (level of difficulty: medium) … Continue reading

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2/7: Second open test

Today we are conducting the second open test. The result is 1 – (7/112) = 93.75%. There are several errors (level of difficulty: easy) due to lack of vocabulary (‘même’, ‘raillerie’, ‘elocution’). There is also an error (level of difficulty: … Continue reading

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1/7: Evaluation of the translator’s current performance: start of a series of 7 open tests

We will evaluate the translator’s current performance, using a series of seven open tests. The aim is to translate the first 100 words of the article of the day from the wikipedia encyclopedia into French for seven consecutive days. Today, … Continue reading

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500 users for the Traduttore corsu application for Android

There are now 500 users for the Traduttore corsu application for Android. There are also 200 users for the Traduttore corsu for windows application.

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Palindroms in Corsican language

Here are a certain number of palindromes, in each of the main variants of the Corsican language: cismuntincu: apa (bee), ala (wing), anilina (aniline), elle (them), ebbe (did have), esegese (exegesis), issi (you hoist), inni (hymns), usu (usage) sartinesu: abba … Continue reading

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Further reflexions on the status of “I love you” in Corsican language

Let us briefly recall the problem: translating ‘I love you’ might sound trivial, but it’s not. In fact, ‘ti amu‘ is not the best translation. The best translation is ‘ti tengu caru‘ when addressed to a male person, or ‘ti … Continue reading

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Update to priority pairs for endangered languages

If we were to update the priorities for language pairs to be achieved, from the point of view of endangered languages, the result would be as follows: Corsican language: French to Corsican (already done) Sardinian Gallurese: Italian to Gallurese Sardinian … Continue reading

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The enigmatic grammatical status of “I love you” in Corsican language

Translating ‘I love you’ might sound trivial, but it’s not. In fact, ‘ti amu‘ is not the best translation. The best translation is ‘ti tengu caru‘ when addressed to a male person, or ‘ti tengu cara‘ when addressed to a … Continue reading

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The taxonomy optimization problem

Let us add further reflexions on the remaining 1% problem. As hinted at previously, the remaining 1% problem may only be solved by general AI (GAI). Let us sketch in a series of posts what features are required for general … Continue reading

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One hundred users for the Traduttore corsu app for Android

The Traduttore corsu application for Android has now more than a hundred users. Moving on…

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More on polymorphic disambiguation…

Let’s take another look at polymorphic disambiguation. We shall consider the French word sequence ‘nombre de’. The translation into Corsican (the same goes for English and other languages) cannot be identical, because ‘number of’ can be translated in two different … Continue reading

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Performing our first open test of the year

Let us comment on the remaining errors encountered in the above open test: French ‘carrière’ remains undisambiguated: either carriera (career) or cava (quarry): two occurrences ‘de’: French ‘de’ is perhaps the most difficult word to translate into another language, due … Continue reading

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More on the remaining 1% problem

The analysis of the Wikipedia article of the day in French is interesting, in the sense that it sheds light on the skills that will be necessary for a machine translation system to achieve a 100% accurate translation. The error … Continue reading

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More on two-sided grammar

Let us expand the idea of two-sided (from the analytic/synthetic duality standpoint) grammatical analysis: consider, for example, ‘beaucoup et souvent’ (a lot and often) in the sentence ‘il mange beaucoup et souvent’ (he eats a lot and often). Analytically, ‘beaucoup … Continue reading

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New version on Android Playstore

The application now changes its name on the Android Playstore, and becomes “Traduttore corsu”: the name is not very original, let’s face it, but at least it is easy to understand. “Traduttore corsu” is dedicated especially to the translation from … Continue reading

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Some advance in polymorphic disambiguation

Just powered the new engine (prototypal, not yet transferred to the API which is used both by the current site translator and the Android application) and made a few tests: it works! Let us take an example with French ‘en … Continue reading

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Follow-up to Autonomous MT system

Closely related to my previous post on autonomous MT systems is the article on the fact that Researchers have developed a machine-learning system capable of deciphering lost languages.

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Autonomous MT system

Let us speculate about what could be an autonomous MT system. In the present state of MT we provide rules and dictionary to the software (rules-based translation) or we feed it with a corpus regarding a given pair of languages … Continue reading

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On the statistical/rule-based divide regarding MT

The classical divide with regard to MT separates statistical from rule-based MT. But this divide is not as clear-cut as one could think at first glance. For rule-based MT can operate statistically. Let us take an example, concerning the disambiguation … Continue reading

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