The issue of pair reversal: it goes as follows: Suppose your have a given translation pair A>B that translates language A into language B, how hard is it to build the reverse pair B>A? Now the current instance of this problem goes as follows: given the French>Italian pair, how hard is it to build an Italian>French pair? To state it more explicitly : could AI help build a reverse pair in a very short time. Arguably, if AI could build such reverse pair shortly, it seems it would be some kind of breakthrough. Supposedly, we do not expect a 100% efficiency and accuracy in this reversal process, but if some 98% or 99% were possible, it would do the job. For AI within MT is not only targeted at translating, it is also targeted at constructing translation engines.
Just tested pair reversal from French-Italian to Italian-French. Well, some 70% can be made automatically, but a big issue is still remaining, that relates to the disambiguation of Italian words. The disambiguation engine seems to be the crux of the matter here. The uupshot is that the entire disambiguation module needs to be rewritten, in order (if possible) to be language-related. The new module must be more AI-focused. If successful, it could open the path to the (somewhat) fast construction of a multi-language ecosystem with a rule-based MT architecture.